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Clipper Sailing Ships

Much of the information on this page comes from
THE COLONIAL CLIPPERS by Basil Lubbock
 
Clipper Sailing Ships
 
The Power of Gold
Emigrant Ships to Australia in the Forties.
Report on Steerage Conditions in 1844.
The Discovery of Gold in Australia
Melbourne and its Shipping 1851-2
 
Aviemore 
Blue Jacket
Centurion 
Champion of the Seas 
Cutty Sark
Donald Mackay
Ethiopian
Heather Bell 
James Baines
Jerusalem 
John Bunyan
Maid of Judah
Nineveh
Orient 
Red Jacket
Schimberg
Thyatira 
 
Walter Hood
White Star
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tall Ships 2007 Wall Calendar

 

 

The Discovery of Gold in Australia

 

    The Discovery of Gold in Australia. However, on the discovery of gold in 1851, the Colonial trade leapt out of its stagnation and squalor and at one bound became one of the most important in all the world's Mercantile Marine. And when the gold fever drew a stream of ignorant English, Scotch and Irish peasants to Australia, men, women and children, most of whom have never seen a ship before they embarked and who were as helpless and shiftless as babes aboard, it. was seen that something must be done to improve the conditions on the emigrant ships. Government regulations were made more strict, and inspectors appointed; but the time had passed when they" were needed comptition now automatically improved the emigrant ships from stern to stem.

    The discovery of alluvial gold in Australia was mainly brought about by the great Californian strike of 1849. That strike upset the theories of geologists and set every man on the world's frontiers searching for the elusive metal. The first authentic discovery ,in the Colonies was made near Clunes, in March, 1850, but it was not until September, 1851, that gold began to be found in such astounding quantities" that large fortunes were rocked out in a few weeks.

    The-first license for diggers were isued in September, 1851 and the effect on the ports of Melbourne and Geelong was immediate wage began to rise fabulous heights, as did the common necessaries of life even ,to wood and water. Shearers, harvesters and bushmen were ..soon almost unobtainable and the very squatters themselves left their herds and flocks and rushed to the goldfields. The police and custom -house officials followed them", and in turn were followed by the professional men of the towns the doctors, lawyers and even clergymen. And as has ever been case, sailors, running from their ships, were ever in the forfront of~ the stampede.

     By the end of September there were; 567 men at Ballarat; they, by means of the primitive Australia gold rocker, had rocked out 4010 ounces or 12,030 worth of gold taking it at its then comihercial value of 3 per ounce. There were. only 143 rockers, ~yet this amount had. been~ won in 712 days' work, presenting a day and ~a quarter's work per man. At the beginning of Novemboer it was estimated that there were 67,0000 ounces of gold in banks and Private hands af Melbourne and Geelong. From this date newfields to which wild stampedes took place, were discovered almost daily. Forrest Creek,Bendigo Arart, Dunolly and the Ovens all show color at once

 
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10/04/2006