John Paul Jones
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Jones, John Paul (orig. John Paul) US (Scot.-born) naval officer & hero in American Revolution; as captain of ship Bonhomme Richard, defeated ship Serapis 1779 _1747-1792
John Paul Jones was a American naval hero during the AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Born on July 6, 1747, he was the son of a Scottish gardener and was originally named John Paul. At the age of 12 he entered the British merchant marine. Sailing aboard merchantmen and slavers, he received his first command in 1769. In 1773, however, he murdered a mutinous crewman at Tobago in the West Indies and fled to North America, adopting the name Jones.
In 1775 obtained a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy. The following year he became captain of the sloop Providence . The Providence was built by New England businessman John Brown as the Katy. A square-topsail-gaff-rigged sloop, she was the first ship commissioned into the Continental Navy. She was outfitted with 12 guns and made the transformation from the merchant vessel Katy to the battle ready warship Providence. She was the most victorious American Ship of the Revolutionary War. She captured or sank forty British fighting ships, earning the nickname 'The Lucky Sloop'. She was the first command of John Paul Jones who said of her, 'she was the first and she was the best.'
Sailing to France aboard the 18-gun Ranger in 1778, Jones received from the French the first salute given to the new American flag by a foreign warship. During the spring he terrorized the coastal population of Scotland and England by making daring raids ashore.
After conducting sea raids on the coast of Britain, he took command in 1779 of a rebuilt French merchant ship, renamed the U.S.S.Bonhomme Richard to honor Benjamin Franklin. On September 23, 1779, Jones engaged the British frigate Serapis in the North Sea, daringly sailing in close, lashing his vessel to the British ship, and fighting the battle at point-blank range. During the fight two of his cannon burst, and the British captain asked Jones if he was ready to surrender. Replied Jones: "Sir, I have not yet begun to fight." The American crew finally boarded the Serapis after the British had struck her colors, and from the deck of the Serapis they watched the U.S.S.Bonhomme Rich ard sink into the North Sea.
Picture from Peabody Collection
PICTURE BELOW ARE LARGE AND SLOW
Bonhomme Richard (formerly the Duc de Duras),1779. 40-gun frigate. Starboard side, under sail. Artwork, n.d. 19-N-7873.
Bonhomme Richard. Starboard side. Photograph of wooden model, n.d. 19-N-9509.
Bonhamme Richard. Battle with the Serapis, 1779. Painting by James Hamilton, n.d. 19-N-12013. <
Have Not Yet Begun to Fight : A Life of John Paul Jones
Eighteenth Captain: A Novel of John Paul Jones
Boy's Will ~
Erik Christian Haugaard / Paperback / Published 1990
Paul Jones : America's Sailor (Naval Institute Book for Young Readers) ~
Keith Brandt / Paperback / Published 1983
Thomas J. Schaeper / Hardcover / Published 1990