schooner ,tall ship

 List of schooners and other sailing ships

 
 List of schooners and other Sailing ships
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Parmir

Bark (4m). L/B/D: 316 × 46 × 23.4 (96.3m × 14m × 7.1m). Tons: 3,020 grt. Hull: steel. Comp.: 30; 52 cadets. Built: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg; 1905.

Built in Germany in 1905, PAMIR represented the peak achievement of sailing ship design and construction. She was constructed at the Hamburg yards of Blohm and Voss and launched on the River Elbe on July 29th to a career which would span almost exactly 52 years. Ordered by Reederei F. Laeisz for its Flying P Line of nitrate clippers and named for the Central Asian mountain range,

  Pamir was built to sail in the hard-driving nitrate trade between Europe and Chile via Cape Horn. During her long career PAMIR was to sail under the flags of Germany, Finland, New Zealand and, briefly, Italy. 

Bought by Gustaf Erikson of Mariehamn, Åland Islands, in Finland, she entered the grain trade from Australia, occasionally carrying timber and other bulk cargoes from Europe. 

In 1941, Finland was in a state of war with Great Britain, and Pamir was seized at Wellington. She made ten voyages under the New Zealand flag from New Zealand and Australia to the United States.


The era of the commercially viable sailing ship had passed and PAMIR was laid-up until March 1951 when she, along with her sister and sometime rival PASSAT, were sold to a shipbreaker in Antwerp. She was reprieved at the last minute and bought to be used by Germany as a cargo carrying training ship. It was in this capacity that, on September 21st 1957, she sank in the teeth of a North Atlantic hurricane with the loss of 80 lives. For 52 years PAMIR had sailed the seas of the world, through two world wars and innumerable storms. It was the sea she loved and it was the sea which finally took her.

 
Parmir Sailing Ship
Golden West, The Pamir
Golden West, The Pamir
Dawson, Montague
33 in. x 17 in.
Buy this Art Print at AllPosters.com
Framed   Mounted
View Along the Main Deck of Parma
Looking Back From The Bow Of Parma
View Along the Main Deck of Parma
Villiers, Alan
32 in. x 24 in.
Buy this Art Print at AllPosters.com
Framed   Mounted
Looking Back From The Bow Of Parma
Villiers, A
32 in. x 24 in.
Buy this Art Print at AllPosters.com
Framed   Mounted
 

Links with More information
Sailing Ships: "Pamir" (1905)
PAMIR – The New Zealand Episode
Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia - - Pamir
Pamir memorial
Alan Villiers' centenary - 23 September 2003 : National Maritime ...

The Last Time Around Cape Horn: The Historic 1949 Voyage of the Windjammer Pamir
In 1949, a young Dartmouth student named William Stark left his study-abroad program in Zurich for a berth as an Ordinary Seaman on a Finnish windjammer that would carry 60,000 sacks of barley 12,000 miles in 128 days from Australia to Europe, around Cape Horn. This is Stark’s engrossing memoir of the end of a long tradition of young men going to sea in the Great Age of Sail, and the final rounding by a commercial sailing ship of fearsome Cape Horn—the veritable Mount Everest of sailing. Stark vividly chronicles the Pamir’s journey through the world’s stormiest seas as he worked brutal four-hour watches on decks awash with the huge swells of the Southern Ocean, and scrambled up ice-coated rigging to manhandle sails on masts that were up to twenty stories high. Stark experienced the shipboard life of the seventeenth century in 1949 on a vessel longer than a football field.  Stark wrote a thrilling narrative that brings closure to the era of Cape Horn merchant sailors that began more than three centuries before. Pages of memorable photographs are included
Tall Ships Down : The Last Voyages of the Pamir, Albatross, Marques, Pride of Baltimore, and Maria Asumpta

Captain Daniel Parrott, captain of the 170-foot topsail schooner Pride of Baltimore II, is a professional mariner of 18 years' experience in tall ships. While earning a master's degree in Marine Affairs from the University of Rhode Island in 1998, Parrott undertook an in-depth, critical reexamination of the official inquiries and other records pertaining to the losses of the 316-foot bark Pamir in 1957; the 117-foot brigantine Albatross in 1961; the 117-foot bark Marques in 1984; the 137-foot schooner Pride of Baltimore in 1986; and the 125-foot brig Maria Asumpta in 1995. Each of these casualties is ingrained in the consciousness of serious sailors. Each of them involved loss of life - 112 lost crew in total. Each is a frequent topic of sailors' talk and speculations. 

The Last of the Wind Ships
A tribute to the last days of the great merchant sailboats and their crews from a unique photographic talent. The photographic work of Alan Villiers is arguably the most important photo-historical record of early-twentieth-century maritime history in the world. In capturing on film life aboard the last of the great merchant sail ships, he has provided us with a singular record of the end of an era. Passionate about the sea from an early age, Villiers worked on several commercial sailing vessels before taking on a job as a journalist on a whaling expedition to Antarctica in 1923, which ultimately resulted in the writing of his first book. Other acclaimed books would follow (as well as one film). These powerful images, published for the first time in this volume, date from the late 1920s through the 1930s and were taken aboard the three ships Villiers worked on during this period: the Herzogin Cecilie, the Grace Harwar, and the Panama. 140 duotones.
The Last Grain Race
In 1938 an eighteen-year-old boy signed on for the round trip from Europe to Australia in the last commercial sailing fleet to make that formidable journey. The four-masted barque Moshulu ended up as a dockside restaurant in Philadelphia; the young apprentice went on to become one of the greatest travel writers of this century. The Last Grain Race is Eric Newby's spellbinding account of his time spent on the Moshulu's last voyage in the Australian grain trade.

As always, Eric Newby's sharp eye for detail captures the hardships, danger, squabbles, companionship and sheer joy of shipboard life - bedbugs, ferocious storms, eccentric Finnish crew and all. By pure chance, Eric witnessed the passing of the era of sail, and his tale is all the more significant for being the last of its kind.

Learning the Ropes : An Apprentice on the Last of the Windjammers
In 1938, Eric Newby signed on as an apprentice on the Finnish four-masted barque Moshulu for a 'round-the-world' voyage transiting between Europe and Australia. It was the toughest imaginable introduction to the sailor's life. Few of the crew spoke English, and he was ordered atop the rigging -- 200 feet above deck -- before he could get out of his best jacket and shoes. More extraordinary still, between his shifts he managed to photograph day-to-day life aboard the antique vessel, and on others like her in various ports of call. Though he did not realize it then, these pictures soon became historic, for with a world war brewing, there would never again be a cavalcade of square riggers such as made the circuit that year. Remarkably, the Moshulu is still afloat and is now a restaurant ship, moored in Philadelphia. 

 

 
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03/03/2008