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SPECIFICATIONS SUMMARY ROYAL CLIPPER is the first fully-rigged square-rigger with five masts since her inspiration, PREUSSEN, in l902. Preussen was the largest sailing vessel ever built to that time. Fully rigged means squaresails on each of the masts. Royal Clipper approximates Preussen in all major measurements. She is by far the largest true sail vessel afloat anywhere today. Classification and registration: Royal Clipper as flagship of Star Clippers joins Star Flyer and Star Clipper in being built to high safety, construction and rigging standards, confirmed by Lloyd's Register of Shipping. .The steel-hulled vessel carries the highest rating possible: (Sailing Passenger Vessel) " spv +100 A1" and is designed to pass all safety and equipment ratings of the United Nations, and of U.S. Coast Guard. She is registered out of Luxembourg and will operate under the respected high standards of the Belgian Maritime Authority. Royal Clipper has been built at Merwede Shipyard, near Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Dimensions: Length is 439 feet. Beam is 54 feet Draft is 18.5 feet Gross Tons: 5,000 (compares with 2,298 gross tons for sister ships, Star Flyer and Star Clipper). Size of crew: 105, of whom only 20 are needed to handle all sails. The remaining 85 crew serve passenger needs or are on support duty, such as in engine room. Number of Passengers: A total of 227 in double occupancy. Mast Height above the waterline: l97 feet. Two tallest of the five masts are hinged so that mast tops may easily be cranked lower by 19 feet for clear passage under low bridges and power lines without interfering with the ship's standing rigging. . Sails: Royal Clipper always will be under sail at sea except when weather requires she be powered by her twin 2,500 horsepower diesel engines. She does not use computers for sail handling.. All sails are raised, lowered and positioned from the security of the deck by skilled sailors who use power winches and hand controlled horizontal and vertical power furling. She and her sister ships, Star Flyer and Star Clipper, are the only major true sail ships ever built on which no seaman ever needs to climb the masts to handle sails. She is traditional in every way, updated with sea proven technology. . Rigging :- Few if any commercial sail ships ever have been fitted with stainless steel standing rigging before Royal Clipper. (In retrofit, both Star Flyer and Star Clipper also in 2000 have been fitted out with stainless steel standing rigging to replace their galvanized steel previous standing rigging) It is the ultimate quality investment and of course is expensive initially. Stainless Steel Standing Rigging : Binds all the masts to each other near or at their tops. This secures them to each other fore and aft, and links them firmly as a unit to the bowsprit and to the stern. The Standing Rigging is the primary support system for all the masts. Stainless Steel is used as the ultimate choice because it never rusts, lasts almost indefinitely at sea, weighs less than alternatives, and offers less wind resistance. The ship's Running Rigging is what gives support to each mast against sideways strain . It is made of galvanized steel, fitted to adjustable stout placement at the rails opposite each mast, and also includes very strong Dacron ropes running straight up each mast to form the halyards that raise, lower and secure the staysails, jibs and the spanker with the invaluable help of electric and hand powered winches . Other rope halyards at each mast form slanting rope ladders, or ratlines, that permit climbing up each mast as required for maintenance or for repairs or for passenger use. Stainless steel also is used in many usually high-maintenance areas throughout the exterior of Royal Clipper, for instance on every exterior stairway, to eliminate rust. All 42 sails , (26 squaresails, 11 staysails, 4 jibs, 1 gaff-rigged spanker) are of finest quality Dacron , tailored especially for this ship by Doyle Ploch Sailmakers of Clearwater, Fl.., who have made all the sails for Star Clippers since l991. All sail stitching is especially resistant to weakening caused by tropical sunshine, and all but one sail (it was too large) were designed by computer. So much Dacron was needed , the biggest sail order ever placed for a single ship, that the supply in the United States was exhausted and some Dacron had to be imported from Europe. A sail maker is part of the ship's crew, with special sewing machine always available at sea, ready for use when sails get ripped occasionally by the wind. Sail Handling: Unique for any major true sail ship except for the Star Clippers three, no crew member on Royal Clipper ever goes aloft to handle sails. Squaresails are opened and furled by a horizontal furling system devised for Star Flyer and Star Clipper, and now proven by years of service. Skilled sailors , looking up from the deck toward the squaresail involved, operate a delicate electric "pulser" that hydraulically rolls out each in turn from its hollow aluminum yardarm, or furls it, as wished. This is repeated until all squaresails on each mast are in place. Bracing: At that point another Royal Clippers sail handling exclusive comes into place: A bracing platform one step higher than the deck equipped with power winch is at the base of each mast. The sailor assigned with no effort uses his power winch to brace or shift the angle simultaneously of every squaresail on that mast, the winch being linked to an innovative system that moves every yardarm in unison. Every squaresail of that mast almost instantly becomes positioned precisely as the captain wishes, so all are "square" with the wind, or slightly angled if that is more desirable. The maneuver is duplicated immediately for each mast. (Cadets and old salts alike from sail training ships hardly can believe their eyes. They and their crew mates have spent parts of many watches at sea laboriously pulling with all their strength on bracing cables to get all the squaresails aligned properly, again and again, as winds shift or as course changes). Under Sail: Comfortable sailing is emphasized always, as is minimum heeling, usually less than 6 %, maintained by self-energizing anti-roll tanks located under the lowest deck and by prudent control over how many sails are being used. .The tanks also keep her rock steady at anchor, despite high masts whose weight tend to make any sail ship, large or small, roll.. Sailing speed : Is expected to vary between 8 knots and 20 knots, depending on weather conditions. Engines: When the winds fail, as they do occasionally, Royal Clipper sustains 13.5 knots or higher with her twin Caterpiller 2,500 horsepower Diesel engines. They are geared together onto a single propeller shaft , share an ingeniously designed common exhaust through the hollow steel jigger mast, discharging exhaust high above the stern, far away from any passenger space.. There is no reverse gear, thus saving much engine room space. The absence of reverse gear permits use of a controllable pitch four-bladed bronze propeller. Its blades are remote control electrically "twisted" by the Captain from the bridge wings, or the chart house, or from a stern control station on the Sun Deck aft. One button turns blades so the ship moves forward; another one is for astern, and there also is precise speed control in both directions. Another button feathers or lays the propeller blades almost flat against the hull when the vessel goes to sailing mode, largely eliminating unacceptable resistance to the flow of water along the sleek sailboat hull. This is the same reliable system used by Star Flyer and Star Clipper since l991, and is favored as well by many of the most respected bluewater sailing mega yachts. Alternative Propulsion: the vessel can uncouple the main diesels from the propeller shaft, replacing them with an economical MAN generator, that otherwise is one of the four generators making electricity. This adds about four knots to the vessel's speed under sail in very light winds, enough to maintain steerageway economically and quietly. Electric Power Needs: Not only is the entire ship air-conditioned, but there are other enormous electrical needs, for example: to keep stores frozen and in cool rooms; galley equipment; the ship's total daily needs of 120-tons of drinking and bathing water, made by reverse osmosis from the sea; electrically-powered tender boarding platforms; lowering and raising the stern marina;; lowering and stowing gangways; powering navigational equipment, communication systems, all lights, anchor windlasses, and a cargo elevator system flush mounted on deck on the bow just forward of the bridge. The elevator stops at every deck and is used for passenger luggage, for supplies, and for boarding foodstuffs of every kind. Ship's garbage, never touched aboard ship and kept in a cold room , is transferred to deck via the electric elevator . A tried and true ship's boom and tackle crane as in the old days transfers all cargo between ship and pier. Bow Thruster: The ship has a 370 KW Bow Thruster, mounted horizontally in a tunnel at the bow, so she frequently docks without tugs and is able to turn in her own length. Royal Clipper prefers to anchor. The bow thruster is personally operated by the captain. Deck Space per Passenger: There are 106 square feet of open deck space per passenger, believed to be far more than found on any conventional cruise ship. Decks of hand crafted Burma Teak measure a total of 19,375 square feet , on the Sun Deck and on the Main Deck The Sun Deck begins before the bridge and extends as a vast open area almost to the very stern. It is used for shipboard strolling, for deck chairs, for sunny enjoyment of the passing scene and to observe action on the open bridge. All three swim pools are on the Sun Deck, and so is the , administrative desk for Water Sports, and the three staysail handling power winch stations, unobtrusively located along the starboard rail. Swim Pools: The ship has three outdoor swim pools, with the main pool inset into the Piano Lounge ceiling. It has a specially designed glass bottom, with side portholes, that directs sunlight three decks down to the Dining Room.. This main pool, 24 feet in length, uses either salt or fresh water and is heated as desired. All pools have stepped slanted sides Stern Marina Platform - Lowered from a flush position under the clipper ship stern when the ship anchors for a port or beach visit, the marina is a handy way for passengers to board small boats of the ship's fleet and for small craft to refuel.. Tender Boarding Platforms: Recessed into the hull while at sea, a stout steel platform for easy boarding of tenders for shore visits hinges down from either port or starboard side of the hull, midships, after the vessel anchors. . The captain gauges the wind direction and strength, and sea conditions, to determine which side gives him the better wind protection or lee for ease of tender handling, and that is the platform lowered. . The platform forms the base for one of the foldaway, stout aluminum gangway that is lowered from the corresponding side of the Main Deck. When the ship pulls alongside a pier instead of anchoring out, as is preferred for daily stops, the boarding platform stays recessed, and the appropriate gangway is lowered to the pier, and is pivoted to get into best position for passengers boarding or going ashore. Tenders: Four fiberglass tenders have been designed for Royal Clipper, all twin-powered by diesel engines. Two of them are 29 feet long, speed at 12 knots, and are used routinely to ferry passengers between the anchored ship and a pier ashore. Every passenger aboard can be accommodated in a single trip of the two, each tender having a capacity of l50. Beach Tenders: Another two tenders are 60-passenger semi-flat bottom somewhat smaller craft that have been designed especially for shallow water access to the deserted beaches so much loved by passengers for snorkeling, swimming and for crew-staffed barbecues.. The special tenders are reminiscent of what military landing craft might look like if they were dramatically upgraded to yacht level. Each has an undercut bow, almost sea sled like, so they can run right up onto the sands. Propellers are protected by metal shields and are mounted in rounded special channels recessed under the stern. At water's edge or even higher on the beach, crew members open two bow doors and steps are quickly put in place for ease of disembarking and re-boarding right onto the dry land. Passenger Accommodations Two Owner's Suites: Each measures 320 square feet , is at the stern with its own private interior stairway access from the Main Deck, has a lavish master double bedroom with its own whirlpool bathtub, mini-bar, 24-hour cabin service, a sitting room lounge worthy of the finest mega yacht, and a separate double sleeping area with adjacent bath. The Owner's Suites may be joined together or not, and are available when the owner is not aboard. Fourteen De-Luxe Deck Suites - Each measuring 255 square feet, these Main Deck Deck Suites are the first with private verandah on any sailing ship. The suite's deck overlooks the sea and has ample room for a pair of chairs and a table for outdoor relaxing or dining. There is a roomy double bed, convertible to two handsome singles, with adjacent conversational area, overlooking the private outdoor verandah through a large window. The large marble bath has its own tub and whirlpool, there is 24-hour cabin service, a mini-bar,, and the suites have been finished with high gloss dark woods , Marine prints and brass decorative accessories. The Deck Suites are accessed through all-weather entrances, most of them along the central interior corridor that connects the ship's bridge area and the Piano Lounge. A special pantry exclusively for the Lounge and the Deck Suites is adjacent. Two Deck Cabins - Each is 175 square feet and equals the highest available accommodation on Star Flyer and Star Clipper. Each Deck Cabin is a neighbor of the other, and has its own corner location on Main Deck just abaft the Library, with a large window facing the stern, and another of equally large size facing the side deck with a grand view of the sea over the rail. Each Deck Cabin has a luxurious fixed double bed, two chairs, TV for movies and news, satellite telephone, and has a full whirlpool-equipped marble bath and a mini-bar. The cabin décor is most upscale and yacht-like traditional. Ninety Outside Double Cabins -Every standard outside cabin is either on the Clipper Deck or the Commodore Deck and measures about 148 square feet, very roomy by sail ship standards. All have the same proven layout, in this case dressed in traditional polished dark woods, brass accessories, a marine print, and most have luxurious double beds convertible to singles. Each bed has an innerspring mattress, as does every passenger bed aboard . Handsome wooden furniture abounds in Edwardian yacht-like fashion as created by Donald Starkey of England who has designed all the interiors and the furnishings through out the new ship. Cabin temperature is controlled by passengers as is amount of air. There is keyless entry to all accommodations. Note: Twenty-seven of the Double Outside Cabins are convertible to triples, by utilizing an upscale extra wooden framed bed that folds virtually out of sight during the day. Six Inside Double Cabins: Each measures 100 square feet and has all the facilities of the Outside Double Cabins. There is a fixed double bed as well as an extra single bed that stores out of the way during the day. Manufacturer of Cabins: To the designs of Donald Starkey, IPPO-Kampos SA, of Athens, pre-fabricated all suites and cabins in their own workshops, dis-assembled them, shipped them to Merwede yard for installation aboard ship. Atrium - No true sailing ship ever has had an Atrium, and Royal Clipper has created one on a grand scale, with cheerful eye appeal and usefulness. Sunshine streams through the glass bottom of the main swimming pool that is the ceiling of this midships passenger access to all public lower decks. The Atrium starts in the midst of Piano Lounge on the Main Deck, which also accommodates the 14 Deck Suites and the two Deck Cabins. A spiraling open-sided stairway clings to the Atrium's perimeter, accessing retail shops and two decks of cabins , finally ending at the heart of the dining room three decks down. Daytime sunshine is replaced at night with twinkly Atrium illumination that sparkles yet is not formal. The informal elegant dinner hour mood of the ship never is threatened. Soft music reaches down to the Dining Room from the Piano Lounge above. Dining Room - Everybody dines whenever they choose within lengthy meal periods, at a single-sitting, dining at any table. There is ample room for all passengers and officers at once, as well as an intimate private dining room that may be closed off. Every dining room chair is within easy service reach of the waiters and wine stewards. There are three levels, lowest being at the center of the room, each level separated from the other only by a step, with graceful open metal balustrades in between.. The resulting uncrowded atmosphere is festive but never intimidating. Captain Nemo Underwater Lounge - Another first for any ship is the unique underwater lounge, with floodlit underwater views through submarine portholes when the ship is anchored This is not alone an area for enjoying refreshments in comfortable lounge seats while observing the marine world. Here also are located the Spa area, the fitness area, the unisex hair salon., the massage room and the skin and body treatment center. To reach the Captain Nemo Lounge one walks forward for a moment from the Dining Room along a corridor, then takes a wide stairway down one deck. Piano Lounge - This Main Deck Piano Lounge and its indoor-outdoor Tropical Bar , (the Sun Deck is one deck higher) is in the heart of the area where all passengers arrive when they first board ship. The Lounge and the adjacent large midships open deck, bordered aft by the Library and forward by the Tropical Bar - Piano Lounge, constitute the all-weather natural "Town Square" social center for the ship. The midships open deck between the Library and the Tropical Bar on the Main Deck, usually open to the sky as a favorite lounging area, converts quickly to a weather-controlled enclosed area in the event of tropical showers .Engineers have created a sophisticated canvas top, stored under a somewhat narrowed portion of the Sun Deck that overlooks this open "Town Square". The canvas is unrolled to supports placed high enough to retain an open feeling. Canvas sides are dropped to the deck, outboard of high viewing tables and stools, and snapped into place. Clear plastic windows on the sides bring in outside views. The air-conditioning is turned on , lights if needed are illuminated, and what has been created is an interconnected, weather - controlled area that starts in the Library, goes forward under the "tent", and then includes the large Piano Lounge and its bars. The roomy Piano Lounge itself easily can accommodate everybody aboard. There is waiter service , from the Bar and from the Pantry. The familiar ivory colored Star Clippers grand piano is positioned in this area, for several concerts a day. There is a permanent dance floor, cozy cocktail tables and padded bar stools that are secured to the polished metal scrollwork of the open railing that overlooks the Atrium. Cozy conversation booths are along the wood-paneled sides of the Lounge, with windows that overlook the Main deck with views of the sea beyond.. There are microphones, public address system outlets and special lighting for shows and for business meetings. The room is decorated in upscale traditional nautical fashion. Dark woods contrast with metal filigree, there are marine paintings of sail vessels and brass light fixtures throughout. Centered dramatically as the Piano Lounge ceiling above the Atrium is the glass bottom of the largest of the ship's three swim pools. It protrudes gracefully into the room, its several underwater portholes adding to the charm. The indoor Tropical Bar has 24-hour coffee dispenser and tea service - and , for the early risers awake to pay their respects to the 0400 to 0800 watch on the open bridge, and to join them in watching the sun rise at sea, serves a 6 AM cold breakfast buffet featuring juices, just-baked rolls, cakes and breads before the dining room opens. . The ship's Main Interior Passageway begins at the forward end of the Piano Lounge, to the bridge , one deck higher, and the bow of the ship, on the way passing by the Deck Suites. Ship's Library -Here you step into a 1900 world of quietness, polished dark woods, softly lit marine paintings, big windows looking out to sea. The Library is located at the aft end of the great Main Deck open air space that extends from the Tropical Bar and Piano Lounge. With capacity of about 50, it is ideal for a small group meeting, with main use being quiet reading from the book shelves that richly add color to the chamber. It is the place for soft conversations while comfortable on upholstered sofas. It is no stranger to chess, backgammon , gin rummy bridge and checkers! Another benchmark of Star Clippers, the Library's handsome antique fireplace is the center of the aft wall, flanked by book shelves. By virtue of U.S. Coast Guard safety strictures against open fires on commercial vessels, the fireplace "fire" is an electric simulation.. One of the ship's two computers for outgoing passenger E-mail is located in the Library for passenger use. The second outgoing E-Mail computer unit is in the Forward Observation Lounge. Forward Observation Lounge - This is an imaginatively conceived base for all-weather comfortable surveillance of what lays ahead, through full-height windows overlooking action on the bow deck as well as glimpses of the seas ahead. It is created as well for cocktail receptions for 90 at a time, for lectures, and as a lounge for reading and conversation. It is less restrained in design than the hushed Library. Lookout Stations on each of the 5 masts have been created some 60 feet above the Sun Deck, with slatted teak deck, high safety rail, and an all-weather comfortable teak settee for lounging at ease while observing all the action below on the Sun Deck, the proximity of great squaresails and staysails, and unlimited vistas off to the side as the ship races silently through the waves. Passengers wishing to visit the lookout posts slip on a ship-supplied safety vest tethered to a watchful crew member on the deck .He keeps the safety line taut as they make the easy ascent up one of the ratlines. Who could be on a great sail ship and not venture out onto the Widow's Net, spread out like a great porous blanket ahead of the bow , and supported by the bowsprit? The famed net is braided of heavy gauge netting line and once uneasiness over security of it all is conquered what a spot for a secure nap, or for a quiet conversation or to finish that paperback novel. Dolphins sometimes are clearly visible below, seeming to brush their tails in fun against the churning white water at the bow of the racing ship. The easy rise and fall of the vessel at this extreme end is enough to vanquish any shore tensions that may remain. The Officer of the Watch gives permission when anyone seeks to climb out onto the Widow's Net at any daytime hour.. Lastly, consider that Honeymoon Balconies for maximum occupancy of two passengers at a time have been constructed out of steel to extend out from both port and starboard bows, not far ahead of the bridge. A small gate closes off the diminutive lookout spots from the deck, each has a high safety rail, and there is nothing but racing seas below . Permission is required from the Officer of the Watch to use either balcony . In more mundane circumstances, a member of the crew will occupy the balcony to keep an eye on the anchor cable as it comes in or to confirm clearance between ship and pier as Royal Clipper maneuvers alongside. But at sea romance rules.