Serving and Worming on Sailing Ship
Worm and parcel with the lay.
Serve and turn the other way.
SERVING is encircling a rope with
line or spunyarn,&c., to keep it from rubbing and chafing. The end of the
spunyarn, for service, is placed under the two or three first turns, to keep it
fast; then two turns are taken round the rope and mallet, on each side of and
round the handle. The mallet is then gradually turned round the rope by its
handle, while another person passes the ball of spunyarIl; and this is continued
until the rope is covered the length required. When the mallet is within a few
turns of the end, take the. turns off the mallet, and pass them by hand, and
heave the ends well through, where it is made fast, as at first. ( fig. 3).-
To SERVE is to wind round spunyarn, &c., by means of a mallet,
to prevent it from being rubbed. The materials use.d for the
purpose are called service. (5, fig. 3).
SERVICE. - A term given to all sorts of stuff, whether of old canvas,
mat, plat, hide, parcelling, spunyarn, &c., when put round the cables, or
other ropes, in order to preserve them from being chafed.
SERVING MALLET. - A cylindrical piece of wood, with a han dIe in the
middle; it is used for serving, and has a groove along the surface, opposite the
handle, which fits the convexity of the
rope to be served. (, fig. 3).
PARCELLING. - A name given to long
narrow slips of tarred canvas, and bound about a rope, in the manner of
bandages, previous to its being sewed., It is laid in spiral turns, as smoothly
upon the surface as possible, that the rope may not become un;- even and full of
ridges. (fig. 2).
WORMING ( fig. 2). - Wind a small rope in the contlines of the strands of
cables, shrouds, or stays ; and spunyarn in those of ropes four inches in
circumference, and above. The first end of the worming is securely stopped; i1!
then fills one interval or contline; and, when arrived at the end of the length
intended to be served, it is there stopped, then laid back into the second
interval; and so on successively, stopping it at the ends. When worming is
wanted to be cut without waste, observe this general rule. Once the length of
the service multiplied by the number of strands, or intervals, and one-third
more added, gives the length of the worming. - Example: - Twelve fathoms
of serv- ice in a four-strand rope, .will take sixty-four fathoms of rope for
worming; and for a three-strand rope, forty-eight fathoms.